Who was Professor julius lothar meyer?


JULIUS LOTHAR MEYER was brought into the world at Varel in Oldenburg, on August 19, 1830. Subsequent to finishing his school course in the Gymnasium. he concentrated in the University of Zurich from 1851 to 1853, at that point at Wurzburg from 1853 to 1854; from Wurzburg he went to Heidelberg, where he stayed till the pre-winter of 1856, and from thus he moved to Konigsberg, where he stayed until Easter 1858. Meyer’s unique expectation was to commit himself to medication, and he graduated as Doctor in Medicine at Wurzburg on February 24, 1854. At Heidelberg he went under the impact of Buiisen, and his work turned out to be increasingly compound.

At Konigsberg his examinations were given chiefly to numerical physical science, under the direction of F. Neumann. In 1858 he took the level of Ph.D. at Breslau; and on February 21, 1859, he got leave to show science and physical science. From 1859 to 1866 Meyer was responsible for the substance research facility of the Physiological Institute at Breslau. In 1866 he was called to the Royal Prussian Forstakademie at Eberswalde, where he stayed until 1868, when he went to the Polytechnikum at Carlsruhe. In 1876 Prof. Fittig was called from Tubingen to the University of Strassburg’, and Lothar Meyer was selected to fill the opening at Tubingen.

He had almost finished twenty.years work at Tubingen when the request came. Cerebral circulatory trouble halted his works, on April 12 of this current year; and, plotz-lich, 8anft, und schmerzlos, he passed. It was while training science and physical science at Breslau that Meyer distributed the primary release of the work on which his standing as a philosophical scientist mostly rests. “Kick the bucket Moderiien Theorien del’ Che-mie” showed up in 1864. A subsequent version was distributed in 1872; and since that time have seemed a third, fourth, and fifth release. At the hour of his passing Meyer was occupied with the arrangement of a 6th version, which he proposed to distribute in three, pretty much free, parts.

An English interpretation of the fifth version, by Messrs. Bedson and Williams, showed up in 1888. In 1883 Profs. Meyer and Seubert recalculated the nuclear loads of the components from the first information, and laid all scientists under an obligation of appreciation by distributing their outcomes, under the title “Kick the bucket Atomgewichte der Elemente aus sanctum Originalzahlen neu berechnet.” Lothar Meyer was probably the soonest specialist of the relations between the properties and the nuclear loads of the components.

In the primary release of his 44 Modernen Theorien “(distributed in 1864) he followed relations between the nuclear loads and theehemical upsides of the components; and in Decembei’ 1869 seemed a journal by him named “Kick the bucket Natur der chemischen Elemente als Funktion ihrer Atomgewichte,” wherein he masterminded the components arranged by nuclear loads, in a solitary table, and demonstrated the occasional character of the reliance of properties on nuclear loads.

The unmistakable articulation, and the application in detail, of the most extensive speculation that has been made in chemistrysince crafted by Dalton, must, without a doubt, be credited to that incredible scientific expert Mende-leeff, yet, all things considered, an examination of the discussion among Mendeleeff and Meyer shows, I think, that Meyer showed up at the major conception.of the intermittent law autonomously of Mendeleeff. The individuals who are keen on such debates will discover papers by Mendeleeff and Meyer in Berichte xiii, pp. 259, 1796, 2043 [1880]. In his talk to the German Chemical Society on May 29, 1893, “Ueber nook Vortrag der unorganischen Ohemie nach dem naturliehen Systeme der Elemente,” Meyer cites the words which Laurent had utilized fifty years prior to concerning-natural science, and applies them to the educating of inorganic science right now: Que l’arbitraire y r£gne sans partage. On the off chance that th ese words can be ap employed to the instructing of inorganic and geiieral science to-day, the amount more fu11y and in a real sense were they appropriate when the main release of Meyer’s “Bite the dust Modernen Theorien” seemed thirty years prior !

That book has most likely accomplished more than some other distribution inside the twenty years after 1861 to promotion van ce the investigation of relative science; its impact on the concep-tion of ch emistry as a precise a d methodical assortment of realities and standards has been exceptionally extraordinary, and has been completely acceptable. The work gave on the arrangement of the primary version of the “Advanced Theories” probably been monstrous. The writer talks in his introduction of revising the MS. multiple times. The facts confirm that th irty years prior ph ysical science was practi-cally non-existent, that the faets of natural science could be dominated and h eld by a man wi than ordin ary memory, and that one may be a scientist without first being a numerical physicist.

In any case, it is likewise obvious that current realities of inorganic science had not been co-ordinated by the brilliant origination of the occasional law, that there was an absence of clearness in the ideas of most ch em I sts about the stru ctu re of organ ic mixtures—for Kekule had not yet put his on the map ride on the highest point of the Clapham omnibus—and that the many disengaged realities with respect to the I nfl u ence of temperature, ti me, and the majority of the responding bodies on compound changes had not been assembled and enlightened by the law of mass activity and the age cepti ons ari si ng from, the applicati on s of this law.

It was then that “Kick the bucket Modernen Theorien” ap-ppared; and without a moment’s delay a surge of light was tossed all in all area of chemieal science.

Old problemtl were clarified, and new issues were proposed. Science entered on its advanced stage. ‘ As the stud y of relative ch em istry: advanced—an investigation which was introd need by the articulation of the pe ri od I c law—it got important to know with precision the insightful ba^s whereon rested the qualities aceepted” for the nuclear loads of the ele-me n ts. Subsequently Lothar Meyer was actuated to de vote a l arge measure of work to the to some degree difficult undertaking of recalcul at I n g t hese val ues; the aftereffect of this work, completed with the assistance of his partner Prof. Seu-bert, a ppeared in 1883.

This work recei ved extra worth from the way that it showed up nearly simultaneously as Clarke’s “Reealculation of the Atomic Weights.” Every specialist in this division has the information of all past laborers brought to his hand, and presen ted in the most sensible structure. Other than these two compositions bearing on broad ch emi stry,

Lothar Meyer was a specialist in the s p h e re of ex peri m en tal science. He has distributed m emoirs of su bj eets in al practically every part of th e science; on the nuclear load of beryllium, on judgments of fume densities, on the ignition of carbon monoxide, on the planning of hydriodic corrosive, on the t ransp I rodent particle of gases, oil vari ous natural mixtures, and on different issue. An incredible physicist has died from us; his work remains, and that work will at any point be held in recognition

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